Fire Prevention, Protection & Suppression— Deeply Explained
What Is Fire Prevention?
Fire prevention systems help lower the fire load of a building. Fire load is a term used by professionals in the industry to determine the potential severity of a fire in the building and is based on the presence of certain hazards. Fire prevention helps reduce the chances of a serious fire by storing combustible materials safely and caring for the points of ignition such as plug sockets and heating systems. It helps reduce the risk of fire in a building.
You must be vigilant of any potential fire hazards. A big part of this vigilance is the task of carrying out regular fire inspections and risk assessments. But fire prevention measures are mostly common sense. You don’t have to be a trained fire technician to know the dangers of smoking indoors and blocking fire exits. You may now see how fire protection differs from fire prevention. In fact, prevention is all about proactively identifying and eliminating fire hazards. But no one can be sure that a building is 100% free of fire risks. That is where fire prevention comes in handy. The prevention strategy should be complemented with a fully compliant and high-quality fire protection system.
What Is Fire Suppression?
Fire suppression helps extinguish a fire as quickly as possible. Once the occupants exit the building, the fire suppression system will begin to emit a concentrated substance to suppress the flames. The nature of the substance may vary depending on the environment the fire suppression system is designed to protect. Some of the most common examples include inert gas, carbon dioxide, as well as dry chemical and liquid agents.
Fire suppression systems don’t use water since they are mostly used in buildings that are more susceptible to water damage. These systems are usually present in rooms with a large amount of electrical equipment. They are also installed in galleries and museums where valuable and fragile materials are stored. That is why these systems are designed to operate without water.
Fire suppression is the final strategy in place to fight the spreading of fire. In fact, fire protection, fire prevention, and fire suppression are considered a three-stage process of fighting a fire. Each stage contains specific measures to prevent and fight fires. You should perform regular reviews and assessments of each part of these fire elimination systems so that they will quickly identify risks and rectify any damage or neglect. It will help reduce the risk of fires in the building as well as minimize the damage associated with it. To summarize, here are the main differences between fire prevention, fire protection, and fire suppression:
- Fire prevention systems will help minimize potential fire hazards
- Fire protection systems will help reduce damage and safely evacuate the building in an event of a fire
- Fire suppression systems will help extinguish the flames and douse the fire.